Factory on Plantation a la Indmira’s Solution for Oil Palm Waste Management

December 31, 2015 - Uncategorized

                                                                www.otonomidaerah.org, 2012

Palm Kernel Shells

Since 2006, Indonesia has become the largest producer of oil palm, making up 45% of the world’s total production. The area of oil palm plantations in the country has also been increasing lately. Based on the statistics from the General Directorate of Plantations, oil palm was grown in 10.9 million ha of land and produced 29.3 million tonnes of crude palm oil (CPO) in 2014.

This high production is the main driver of CPO export. However, this economic benefit masks  the large amount of byproduct in the form of Palm Kernel Shells (PKS – tandan kosong kelapa sawit = TKKS).

Based on the available data on the website of BUMN PT Perkebunan Nusantara V, palm oil is processed in 608 factories with tthe total production capacity of 34,280 tonnes of fresh palm fruit (FPF)/hour. For every tonne of FPF processed, there is 22-23% of PKS produced. If a factory produces 13.712 tonnes PKS/day and operates for 260 working days/year, there is up to 3.5 million tonnes of PKS produced every year. This is a significant amount of waste that may become a pollutant if not managed well.

So far, PKS has not been utilized optimally. Its main usage is to produce compost, but composting is a time consuming process. Without a starting substrate, it takes six months to a year to compost PKS because of its high cellulose content (>60%). While using a substrate, it takes one to two months. This process also takes up a lot of space and often results in mounds of unprocessed PKS. When PKS accumulates, it can start fermentation that results in methane production. Methane is one of the greenhouse gases that are known to cause Ozone layer degradation in the atmosphere.

Indmira, as an environmental research based company, is doing studies on PKS processing to make it useful in a relatively shorter time and more eco-friendly. We are calling this concept as the “Factory inside Plantation”, which aims at starting a PKS processing factory inside oil plam plantation. The factory will benefit the plantation by reducing the environmental degradation and cost of PKS transport to a processing plant in different location and thus a carbon footprint reduction.

Indmira has been developing PKS processing using pyrolitic methods since 2013. Pyrolisis is a chemical decomposition process through heating without or using a small amount of oxygen or other reagents, in which the raw materials undergo chemical breakdown and turn into gas. Pyrolisis of PKS is rather environmentally friendly and results in bio charcoal (bio-char) rich in potassium (up to 30 K2O) and liquefied gas.

Potassium is one of the macro nutrients needed by plants in photosynthetic process, increasing the efficiency of water usage, strengthening branches, producing more viable seeds, increasing the quality of fruits, and increasing disease resistance. The use of potassium from PKS processing will reduce the cost of potassium fertilizer needs, which have been imported so far.

Bio-char can also function in carbon retention in the soil. In a monoculture system like oil palm plantation, carbon loss rate is especially high. Besides the bio-char, the liquefied gas produced in the pyrolitic process can be used as natural preservatives and pesticides.

The pyrolitic plant developed by Indmira will be equipped with albakos furnace, tar reservoir, condenser, vacuum, and oxygen control. The initial heating is started with charcoal briquets, which is not needed once the system is already in operation. The current prototype can process 20 kg PKS/day, and result in 20-25% of bio-char and four liters of liquefied gas. These are satisfactory endproducts using a process that does not use much fuel.

We hope to roll out our first model in 2016 with the capacity of 200 tonnes PKS/day and are looking for oil palm companies who will partner with us. When we can make this happen, “Factory inside Plantation” a la Indmira can become one of the solutions in managing the waste from Indonesia’s “green gold”, oil palm. Hopefully! (Le)

Print Friendly

71 responses to “Factory on Plantation a la Indmira’s Solution for Oil Palm Waste Management”

  1. Aw, this was a very nice post. Taking a few minutes and
    actual effort to generate a great article… but what can I say… I procrastinate a lot and don’t seem to get anything done.

  2. Hi, just wanted to tell you, I liked this post.
    It was helpful. Keep on posting!

    Here is my web site: spilleautomater online

  3. Way cool! Some very valid points! I appreciate you penning this article plus
    the rest of the website is also very good.

  4. I do not even know how I ended up here, but I thought this post was good.
    I don’t know who you are but certainly you’re going to a famous
    blogger if you are not already 😉 Cheers!

  5. I was recommended this blog by my cousin. I am not sure whether this
    post is written by him as no one else know such detailed about
    my difficulty. You’re incredible! Thanks!

  6. Generally I do not read article on blogs, however
    I would like to say that this write-up very compelled me to try and
    do so! Your writing taste has been surprised me.

    Thanks, very great article.

  7. What i do not understood is in truth how you’re no longer actually much more smartly-liked than you might be now.
    You are very intelligent. You understand thus significantly in terms of this topic, made me personally believe it from numerous various angles.
    Its like men and women don’t seem to be fascinated until it’s something to accomplish with Woman gaga!

    Your individual stuffs nice. All the time take
    care of it up!

  8. dwi attorney says:

    This website was… how do I say it? Relevant!! Finally I have found something which helped me.
    Appreciate it!

  9. Hurrah, that’s what I was seeking for, what a stuff!
    existing here at this webpage, thanks admin of this site.

  10. excellent put up, very informative. I wonder why the opposite experts of this sector don’t realize this.
    You must proceed your writing. I am confident, you’ve a great readers’
    base already!

  11. It’s actually a nice and helpful piece of information. I’m satisfied that you shared this useful information with us.
    Please stay us informed like this. Thank you for sharing.

  12. I think the admin of this website is genuinely working hard
    in favor of his web page, for the reason that here every stuff is
    quality based information.

  13. Hi, i think that i saw you visited my site thus i came to “return the favor”.I’m attempting to find things to enhance my web
    site!I suppose its ok to use some of your ideas!!

  14. Hello there I am so delighted I found your blog,
    I really found you by accident, while I was looking on Bing for something else, Anyways
    I am here now and would just like to say thanks for
    a fantastic post and a all round exciting blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to browse it all at
    the minute but I have book-marked it and also added your RSS feeds, so when I have
    time I will be back to read much more, Please do keep
    up the fantastic work.

  15. Howdy very nice site!! Guy .. Excellent ..
    Superb .. I will bookmark your website and take the feeds additionally?
    I’m satisfied to search out a lot of helpful information right here in the publish, we
    need work out more strategies on this regard, thanks for sharing.
    . . . . .

  16. It’s hard to find knowledgeable people in this particular subject, however, you
    sound like you know what you’re talking about! Thanks

  17. Touche. Sound arguments. Keep up the good spirit.

  18. I’m extremely impressed along with your writing
    talents and also with the format to your blog. Is that this a
    paid topic or did you customize it yourself? Anyway stay up the excellent high
    quality writing, it is rare to see a great weblog like this one these days..

  19. Please let me know if you’re looking for a article author for your
    weblog. You have some really good articles and I believe I would
    be a good asset. If you ever want to take some of the load off, I’d really like to write
    some articles for your blog in exchange for a link back to mine.
    Please blast me an e-mail if interested. Thanks!

  20. Thank you for sharing your info. I really appreciate
    your efforts and I will be waiting for your further post thanks once again.

  21. After going over a number of the blog posts on your site, I
    honestly appreciate your technique of writing a blog.
    I book marked it to my bookmark website list and will be checking back in the near future.

    Please visit my website as well and tell me your opinion.

  22. I go to see day-to-day a few web pages and sites to read content,
    except this web site gives quality based articles.

  23. Hi to every body, it’s my first pay a quick visit of
    this weblog; this weblog contains remarkable and really fine information in support of visitors.

  24. I’m extremely inspired along with your writing skills as neatly as with the structure in your weblog.

    Is this a paid theme or did you customize it yourself?
    Either way stay up the nice quality writing, it is rare to see a great weblog like this one today..

  25. That is really fascinating, You are an excessively professional blogger.
    I’ve joined your feed and look ahead to in the
    hunt for extra of your magnificent post. Additionally, I’ve shared your
    website in my social networks

  26. My brother suggested I might like this blog. He was entirely right.
    This submit truly made my day. You cann’t believe just how a lot time I
    had spent for this info! Thanks!

  27. Just want to say your article is as amazing. The clarity in your submit is simply excellent and i can suppose you are an expert
    on this subject. Well along with your permission allow me to grasp your RSS feed to keep
    up to date with imminent post. Thank you one million and please continue the rewarding work.

  28. attorneys says:

    I couldn’t resist commenting. Exceptionally well written!

  29. Attractive section of content. I just stumbled upon your website and
    in accession capital to assert that I get actually enjoyed
    account your blog posts. Any way I will be subscribing to your feeds and even I achievement you
    access consistently fast.

  30. I could not resist commenting. Exceptionally well written!

  31. You actually make it appear really easy together with your presentation but I in finding this matter to be really something which I feel I might never understand.
    It seems too complicated and extremely large for me.
    I am looking forward in your next post, I’ll try
    to get the hang of it!

  32. Hi there, yeah this paragraph is genuinely pleasant and I have learned lot of things from
    it regarding blogging. thanks.

  33. I’m truly enjoying the design and layout of your website.
    It’s a very easy on the eyes which makes
    it much more enjoyable for me to come here and visit more often. Did you
    hire out a developer to create your theme? Outstanding

  34. Nice post. I used to be checking continuously this weblog and I am impressed!
    Extremely helpful information specially the closing phase
    🙂 I deal with such info much. I used to be looking for this particular
    info for a long time. Thank you and best of luck.

  35. Thanks , I’ve just been looking for info approximately this topic for a while and yours is the
    best I have found out till now. However, what concerning the bottom
    line? Are you certain in regards to the supply?

  36. Great post. I was checking constantly this blog and I’m impressed!
    Extremely helpful information particularly the last part 🙂 I
    care for such information much. I was looking for this particular information for a long time.
    Thank you and best of luck.

  37. weldingjobs says:

    Woah! I’m really enjoying the template/theme of this site.
    It’s simple, yet effective. A lot of times it’s tough to get that “perfect balance”
    between user friendliness and visual appearance.
    I must say you’ve done a superb job with this.
    Additionally, the blog loads very fast for
    me on Safari. Excellent Blog!

  38. welding to says:

    It’s in point of fact a nice and useful piece
    of info. I’m satisfied that you just shared this helpful information with us.
    Please stay us up to date like this. Thank you for

  39. Since the admin of this website is working, no question very rapidly
    it will be famous, due to its quality contents.

  40. This is the perfect blog for anyone who hopes to understand this
    topic. You realize a whole lot its almost tough to argue with you (not that I really would want to…HaHa).
    You definitely put a brand new spin on a subject that’s been discussed for ages.
    Great stuff, just excellent!

  41. Attractive portion of content. I simply stumbled upon your website and in accession capital to say that I acquire actually
    loved account your blog posts. Anyway I’ll be
    subscribing on your augment and even I fulfillment you get admission to consistently fast.

  42. Just desire to say your article is as astounding.
    The clarity in your post is just great and i could
    assume you are an expert on this subject. Fine with your permission allow
    me to grab your feed to keep up to date with forthcoming post.

    Thanks a million and please continue the gratifying work.

  43. Woah! I’m really digging the template/theme of this blog.
    It’s simple, yet effective. A lot of times it’s challenging to get that “perfect balance” between usability and appearance.
    I must say that you’ve done a great job with this.
    Additionally, the blog loads super fast for me on Opera.
    Exceptional Blog!

  44. My partner and I absolutely love your blog and find a
    lot of your post’s to be exactly what I’m looking for. can you offer guest writers
    to write content available for you? I wouldn’t mind creating a post or elaborating on some of the subjects you write related
    to here. Again, awesome website!

  45. First of all I would like to say excellent blog! I had
    a quick question which I’d like to ask if you do not mind.
    I was interested to find out how you center yourself and clear your mind before writing.
    I have had a difficult time clearing my thoughts in getting my thoughts
    out there. I do enjoy writing however it just seems like the first 10 to 15 minutes tend to be wasted just trying to figure out
    how to begin. Any ideas or tips? Kudos!

  46. Nice post. I was checking constantly this blog and I am impressed!
    Extremely useful information particularly the last part :
    ) I care for such info much. I was seeking this certain information for a long time.
    Thank you and good luck.

  47. Please let me know if you’re looking for a author for your weblog.
    You have some really good posts and I believe I would
    be a good asset. If you ever want to take some
    of the load off, I’d absolutely love to write some content for your blog in exchange for a
    link back to mine. Please blast me an e-mail if
    interested. Thanks!

  48. My spouse and I stumbled over here different website and
    thought I might as well check things out. I like what I see so now i’m following
    you. Look forward to looking at your web page yet again.

  49. Hello there, just became alert to your blog through Google, and found that it’s really informative.
    I’m gonna watch out for brussels. I’ll be grateful if you continue this in future.

    Lots of people will be benefited from your writing. Cheers!

  50. Awesome issues here. I am very happy to see your article.
    Thank you so much and I am taking a look forward to touch you.

    Will you kindly drop me a mail?

  51. Hey I know this is off topic but I was wondering if you
    knew of any widgets I could add to my blog that automatically tweet my newest twitter updates.
    I’ve been looking for a plug-in like this for quite some time
    and was hoping maybe you would have some experience with something like this.
    Please let me know if you run into anything.
    I truly enjoy reading your blog and I look forward to your new updates.

  52. Awesome issues here. I am very satisfied to look your article.
    Thanks a lot and I am having a look ahead to contact
    you. Will you please drop me a mail?

  53. It’s great that you are getting thoughts from this article as well as from our argument made at this time.

  54. It’s nearly impossible to find well-informed people about this topic,
    but you seem like you know what you’re talking about! Thanks

  55. There’s certainly a lot to know about this topic.
    I like all the points you made.

    my webpage :: casino på norsk

  56. I read this piece of writing fully concerning the resemblance of newest and earlier technologies, it’s remarkable article.

  57. When I originally left a comment I appear to have clicked on the -Notify
    me when new comments are added- checkbox and now
    each time a comment is added I recieve four emails with the
    exact same comment. Perhaps there is an easy method you are able
    to remove me from that service? Cheers!

  58. Hello! I could have sworn I’ve been to your blog before but after
    browsing through a few of the posts I realized it’s new to me.
    Anyways, I’m certainly happy I came across it and I’ll be book-marking it
    and checking back frequently!

  59. If some one wishes to be updated with most recent technologies afterward he
    must be visit this web page and be up to date everyday.

  60. Very great article, i definitely adore this site, continue the good work.

    Also visit my blog :: locksmith in asheville nc (http://www.yelp.com/)

  61. Hmm it seems like your website ate my first comment (it was extremely long) so I guess I’ll
    just sum it up what I wrote and say, I’m thoroughly enjoying your blog.
    I too am an aspiring blog blogger but I’m still new to
    the whole thing. Do you have any tips and hints for novice blog writers?
    I’d certainly appreciate it.

  62. Pyro System says:

    Wow, wonderful weblog format! How lengthy have you been running
    a blog for? you made running a blog glance easy.
    The entire glance of your website is excellent, let alone the content!

  63. That is a great tip especially to those fresh to the blogosphere.
    Short but very precise information… Appreciate your sharing
    this one. A must read article!

  64. I just want to tell you that I am beginner to weblog and seriously loved your web-site. Almost certainly I’m likely to bookmark your website . You definitely come with fabulous posts. Appreciate it for revealing your web-site.

  65. What’s up every one, here every one is sharing these kinds of experience, therefore it’s fastidious to read this blog, and I used to go to see this weblog everyday.

  66. I just want to say I am beginner to blogging and truly liked you’re web site. More than likely I’m going to bookmark your blog post . You surely have incredible article content. Thank you for sharing with us your web-site.

  67. Google says:

    Below you will locate the link to some web pages that we think you ought to visit.

  68. Google says:

    The facts talked about inside the article are several of the best obtainable.

  69. com crorkzz says:

    gcZkiT Wow! This can be one particular of the most useful blogs We have ever arrive across on this subject. Basically Fantastic. I am also an expert in this topic so I can understand your hard work.

  70. one of our guests just lately encouraged the following website

  71. pdr course says:

    Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine a handful of unrelated data, nevertheless actually really worth taking a appear, whoa did one find out about Mid East has got far more problerms also