Ther is an increase in the number of chili pepper farmers in Indonesia because of the high demand for this commodity. However, the yields are often negated by crop failures from fruitfly infestation. Based the report by IPTEK Puslitbang Hortikultura No.10 – Agustus 2014, currently fruitfly causes 20 – 60% loss of vegetable harvest at the farm level, depending on crops, local climates and intensity.
Fruitfly attacks fruit production at all stages of the development. One of the crops that are vulnerable to fruitfly infestation is chili pepper. Apparently this insect is a significant pest in chili pepper cultivation.
An early indicator for fruitfly attack is the presence of black spots on the base of of the fruit. These markings are resulted from egg laying activities by adult fruitflies inside the fruits. Once the eggs hatch, fruitfly larvae will start consuming the inside and eventually destroy the whole fruits.
Fruitfly causes devastating destruction especially in the rainy season when fungal contamination accompanies the infestation. Fungus on female fly’s ovipositor grows on the place where the fly deposits its eggs and causes fruit rot.
Efficient, effective and eco-friendly pest control is needed to fight this blight. Below is a list for some of those methods.
(Tri Umi Asni – Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta).